The word communication is taken from the word communicate which is also taken from the word commune. The word commune means to share ideas, feelings, according to the Grolier's dictionary. Communication is the process of imparting or interchanging of thoughts and opinions by speech, writing or signs. There are several types and kinds of communication. Some types of communication are: mass communication, group communication, individual, public, interpersonal and intrapersonal communication, corporate communication.
Kinds of involves how the communication process is carried out, this can also be considered the setting of communication. The kinds of communication are formal, informal, grapevine and bypass communication.
Kinds of communication may either be formal or informal communication.
Types of communication.
Formal communication includes a planned format. Formal communication is prepared thoroughly by the sender or agents of the sender. It is planned in familiar mediums known or expected to be known by the receiver or receivers. Formal communication may be in the form of written messages such as letters, memorandum, reports, etc. the sender ensures the message is properly formatted for effectiveness. Prepared speeches for meeting purposes or in rare cases, entertainment, is done to ensure effectiveness and optimum persuasion of the receiver or receivers involved. In formal written communication, since the reader can always go back and re-read the message, repetition usually is not desirable in written communication, except occasionally to emphasize a point. Writers are expected to exert enough effort to arrive at original ways of making a point instead of relying on clichés. Formal writing has a logical pattern that stays on track without digressing. Writers revise their message carefully so that sentences read smoothly. Individual sentences are well structured, and the sentences flow together. Each word counts, and, instead relying on casual transitions like "well …," the writer finds transitional expressions that indicate the underlying logic of the message. Writers also adhere to the conventions of standard grammar.
Informal communication is unplanned presentations, conversations and other modes of communicating. Over ninety percent of all communication done daily is informal communication. 'Often conversations are personalized to appeal to a specific individual. Common interest and goals usually forms the backbone of everyday conversation' (Hall 1988). Informal conversation may contain (a) repetition or redundancy, to make sure the listener does not miss the message, (b) clichés or stock phrases-easier to produce when someone is speaking off the cuff ["hot enough to fry an egg," "as clean as a hound's tooth"]; (c) loose organization and digressions-making a point, moving on, but circling back; (d) loose sentence structure-grammatical parts may not fit together well or the structure of the sentence may be changed in mid-sentence; (e) reliance on filler words-well, you know, uhhhh-to occupy what otherwise would be silence when the speaker cannot think of the next word; (f) departures from the conventions of standard grammar. Informal communications are usually not completely documented and are meaningful only to those familiar with the project it involves.
oDiscussions with coworkerso Telephone inquiriesoSketches on the back of envelopesoNotes to subordinates and superiorso Discussions with peers or persons with which we relate.
Grapevine CommunicationThe grapevine is a form of communication that depends on the social interrelationships among employees. Information tends to flow faster in grapevines than in any other form of communication. The most powerful communication tool in the workplace is the "grapevine". If manipulated properly, this form of communication can greatly benefit a company. If ignored, the grapevine can create havoc within an organization. Astute managers have come to realize...
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